In much of science writing, the passive voice reigns supreme, often to avoid the egotism of the first person pronoun. (Not "I performed an experiment" but "An experiment was performed"). I once reviewed a paper so aggressively passive (how's that for an oxymoron?) that I could not tell whether a result had been produced by the authors themselves or some other set of researchers. (It turned out to be the former). And if the passive voice fails, single-author papers can use the royal plural instead (Not "I derive a new result" but "We derive a new result..."). A physicist once famously listed his cat as a co-author on a paper just so he could get away with using "we" instead of "I"!
Scientists qualify every claim. Parenthetical clauses can be endlessly nested, and nouns compounded without limit. The latter is probably due to the fact that German was once the dominant language of physics and chemistry, leaving a vague imprint on scientific writing in our own language -- German allows you to cheerfully chain together words into multi-syllabic masterpieces like an out-of-control kindergartner with a glue stick.
What does all of this actually look like? Suppose we decided to rewrite a science fiction story in the form of a scientific journal article. Here's the first paragraph from my story, "Extra Innings":
Jimmy Dyson pushed his bicycle through the sun-baked field behind Benny Krauss’s house, spraying clouds of dandelion seeds into the air and jostling the precious cargo in the basket mounted on the handlebars. Withered thistles caught on the scratchy wool socks his mom always made him wear, even in the
And here's what it would look like in a science journal:
A bicycle was pushed by Jimmy Dyson through the sun-baked-Benny-Krauss-house-field. Thus, dandelion seeds were dispersed into the air, and the cargo in the handlebar-mounted basket was somewhat jostled. Thistles (fairly withered: see discussion in Part II, below) were caught on Dyson’s socks. This story takes place in St. Louis, in the summer.